Numerical investigation into the aeration of grain silos

Faulkner, Griffith (2004) Numerical investigation into the aeration of grain silos. [USQ Project]


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The aeration of grain silos provides a convenient means of controlling temperature and
moisture distribution in a silo. The moisture migration process is initiated by the presence
of temperature gradients which causes natural convective air movement within the grain.
By being able to predict the moisture and temperature behaviour during the grain aeration
process, the grower will be able to produce a more efficient aeration process that
minimises grain spoilage.
The purpose of this project is to investigate the aeration characteristics of a grain silo
using a Computational Fluid Dynamics package and develop an understanding of the
complexities involved with the modelling of grain ecosystems with regard to air
movement, moisture migration and temperature distribution within the grain.
More specifically, this project seeks to investigate numerically the effect of different
parameters of silos (size, shape, material, type or design and aeration rate) on the
temperature distribution in the stored grain, under a variety of seasonal conditions.
The computational fluid dynamics software (Fluent 6.0) was used to investigate these
parameters and provided results in the form of contour plots (temperature and pressure)
and velocity vector plots. The CFD package provides a strong basis for the analysis of
packed beds. However, further attention needs to be paid to the reactions within the
intergranular environment to allow the program to produce results of a higher degree of

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Item Type: USQ Project
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:11
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:29
Uncontrolled Keywords: grain silos, aeration, Fluent 6.0
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4017 Mechanical engineering > 401706 Numerical modelling and mechanical characterisation

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