An analysis of human behaviour which can cause fatalities in the bus and train tunnel during a tunnel fire event

Boully, Jacinda (2014) An analysis of human behaviour which can cause fatalities in the bus and train tunnel during a tunnel fire event. [USQ Project]


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This dissertation develops the analysis of human behaviour which can cause fatalities in the Bus and Train Tunnel during a tunnel fire event. The project aim is to utilise the Root Cause Analysis framework to produce recommendations for the BaT tunnel design with respect to human behavioural fire safety.
Tunnel fire safety is a young area of research. There is much ambiguity in tunnel fire science and includes many unanswered questions such as; human behaviour in relation to tunnel fire emergencies with a particular reference to tunnel operators and emergency services.
The Root Cause Analysis framework was utilised to discover the underlying causes of fatality within a tunnel due to human behaviour. The framework allows for the root causes to be discovered and ensures that recommendations are produced for each event that has the potential to cause loss of life.
Throughout the study publically available information surrounding the BaT tunnel was documented. A literature review was then conducted into the tunnel operations and fire safety within tunnels. Following the literature review, extensive data gathering was conducted to include statistics on historic tunnel fires and case studies that are applicable to the aims of the study. A root cause analysis was carried out pertaining to tunnel fire safety within tunnels. The root cause analysis was conducted upon a specified tunnel fire design which utilizes publically available information along with assumptions that are based on prescriptive measures. The assumed tunnel fire design root cause analysis was undertaken on both the busway and the railway.
The Root Cause Analysis highlighted that both the busway and the railway had identical root causes. The causes of fatality were discovered to be due to Communication breakdowns, slow reaction times, inadequate understanding and inadequate maintenance. The ways recommended to mitigate these risks is through intensive training of all staff, educating the public through marketing and the establishment of sound management within well-defined processes.
There are many limitations involved within the analysis which cause the recommendations to be incomplete. Hence, before implementation of the recommendations the study should be carried out upon complete design data.
The Root cause analysis is an effective framework that could be used to find the causes of risk and failure within the BaT tunnel. The framework was effective in identifying the root causes of the defined scenario. For a more complete analysis, more scenarios should be analysed, with true design data and including the modelling of the ventilation system where possible.

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Item Type: USQ Project
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Bachelor of Civil Engineering and Bachelor of Business project.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying (1 Jul 2013 - 31 Dec 2021)
Supervisors: Devine, Jo; Nicholls, Gavin
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2015 02:29
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2015 02:29
Uncontrolled Keywords: tunnel, BaT, fire safety
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090507 Transport Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400512 Transport engineering

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