Embedded control system for biogas digesters

Sullivan, T. (2007) Embedded control system for biogas digesters. [USQ Project]


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[Abstract]: Biogas is also known as dump gas, marsh gas or sewer gas and is produced in a common, naturally occurring biological decomposition process. It is composed mainly of
methane, CH4, carbon dioxide, CO2, and hydrogen sulphide, H2S. Smaller quantities of hydrogen, H oxygen O2, nitrogen, N and ammonia, NH3 may also be present.

Methanogens occur naturally in the digestive systems of ruminant animals such as cattle, in marshes, brackish waters and sewage works, where, in addition to laboratories, much knowledge of them has been gained.

Literature review reveals that biogas production and thus rate of decomposition is influenced by temperature, and additionally that the loading conditions of a digester
may be deduced by monitoring the concentrations of individual component gasses of the biogas produced.

It is the objective of this project to:
- Develop an electronic nose to monitor the biogas composition,
- Develop a fuzzy logic controller to increase or decrease the temperature of the digester vessel, thus controlling the rate of decomposition, and
- Notify users of the digester state using semaphore style indicator lights.

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Item Type: USQ Project
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2008 06:25
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: biogas digester; biogas; dump gas; marsh gas; sewer gas; decomposition; fuzzy logic controller
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091302 Automation and Control Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4007 Control engineering, mechatronics and robotics > 400799 Control engineering, mechatronics and robotics not elsewhere classified
URI: https://sear.unisq.edu.au/id/eprint/3955

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