The effect of water ratio on the mechanical properties of refactory materials

Massaro, Aaron (2006) The effect of water ratio on the mechanical properties of refactory materials. [USQ Project]


This study was carried out to investigate the effect water ratio in relation to dry mass has on the mechanical properties of refractory materials. A number of different refractory materials ranging from lightweight to dense grade were investigated for the following properties: - permanent dimensional change; - bulk density;
- cold compressive strength; and - cold modulus of rupture.
Water is an essential component when preparing refractory materials however with increased water ratio adverse mechanical properties developed.
Each of the materials tested suffered an increase in permanent dimensional change as a result of increased water ratio between the dried and the fired state. The degree of shrinkage associated with the increase in water ratio was more significant in the dense materials.
Each material tested exhibited a reduction in fired bulk density associated with an increase in water ratio. This reduction was relatively consistent across all materials tested.
An increase in water ratio was associated with a reduction in each material's ability to withstand a compressive force. The cold compressive test results tended to display a more significant reduction in compressive strength for the denser materials.
All materials exhibited a greater than expected flexural strength when prepared in accordance with manufacturers' recommendations. As additional water was used the cold modulus of rupture results of all materials reduced indicating that increased water ratio decreases a refractory materials ability to withstand a bending force.

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Item Type: USQ Project
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Supervisors: G. Baker
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:59
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2017 01:01
Uncontrolled Keywords: water ratio; refractory materials; hydraulic; shiragu 160; lel70488; Sila LW100; permanent dimensional change (PDC), bulk density (BD); cold compression strength (CCS); cold modulus of rupture (CMOR)
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091399 Mechanical Engineering not elsewhere classified
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091201 Ceramics
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4017 Mechanical engineering > 401799 Mechanical engineering not elsewhere classified
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401601 Ceramics
40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering

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