Finite element analysis of a composite bridge deck

Klein, Lindsay Edward (2006) Finite element analysis of a composite bridge deck. [USQ Project]


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The complex nonlinear properties of concrete make it difficult to determine its true strength and response under loading conditions. This has often lead to many reinforced concrete structures such as bridge decks being over designed. Finite element analysis techniques such as the smeared crack approach have now been developed to model concrete structures with considerable accuracy. This dissertation uses the general purpose finite element software ABAQUS to model a composite bridge deck that comprises of a reinforced concrete slab and longitudinal steel girders. Three separate models were produced with different girder spacings. Loading conditions were determined from the Australian Standard for Bridge Design and used on the structure to produce the worst effects. From this the response of the bridge deck was determined and an optimum girder spacing chosen. It was found that a four girder bridge deck would provide the optimum design for a two lane bridge to meet Australian Standards.

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Item Type: USQ Project
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Agricultural, Civil and Environmental Engineering (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:07
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:44
Uncontrolled Keywords: bridges; bridge deck; concrete; wheel; axle; traffic; load; ABAQUS; finite element
Fields of Research (2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090502 Construction Engineering
Fields of Research (2020): 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400510 Structural engineering
40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400504 Construction engineering

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